9th ss panzer division war crimes

The 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend was the 12th German Waffen SS armored division, which fought during the last phase of World War II. The division … Enjoy the documentary on the Third Reich's fierce panzer army there was both a 9th Panzerdivision and a 9th SS-Panzerdivision). For the Germans mobility was everything; particularly for the panzer divisions whose greatest advantages revolved around their mobility. It was recruited from foreign volunteers in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, the Netherlands and Belgium under the command of German officers. [12] The following description of the roads presents the difficulties faced by German and Soviet units fighting in Eastern Europe during the spring thaw of 1944; “The highway consumes the material of the vehicles and gnaws at the strength of the driver. The Combat History of the 10th SS Panzer Division "Frundsberg" Chapter 1 Page 4. May 1945), France (Feb 1943 - Mar 1944) Eastern front, southern sector (Mar 1944 - Apr 1944) France (Apr 1944 - Aug 1944) Belgium & Netherlands (Aug 1944 - Oct 1944) Western Germany (Oct 1944 - Dec 1944) Ardennes (Dec 1944 - Jan 1945) Western Germany (Jan 1945 - Feb 1945) Hungary (Feb 1945 - Mar 1945) Austria (Mar 1945 - May 1945), Dec 1943 19.611 June 1944 15.898 Dec 1944 19.000, The Hohenstaufen or Staufer were a German family of rulers taking their name from their seat, the Swabian castle Hohenstaufen. Lo. On January 16th, the 6th SS Panzer Army was ordered to withdraw from the fighting in the Ardennes and begin immediately to prepare for another offensive. Operation Spring Awakening was a death ride for the Waffen SS Panzer Divisions. Organization and Training 1943-1944. The fighting in and around Arnhem was brutal, and often fought at very close quarters among the gardens, hedges, and buildings of Arnhem and Oosterbeek. Großdeutschland was one of the best-equipped units of the German Army. Immediately upon notification, the quick reaction companies of the Hohenstaufen organized themselves for action. According to Stein the overwhelming majority chose to stay. War Crimes. The division … In spite of being forced onto the defensive the morale of Hohenstaufen's men remained high as they defended the heights and inflicted heavy casualties on the Allies. The “Tigers” outclassed every Allied tank on the Western Front in terms of firepower and armor, though in part because of their massive size were prone to mechanical failures and burned through extroadinary amounts of oil. Panzerdivisionen nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg. It retreated into Belgium before being sent to rest near Arnhem where they soon had to fight the Allied paratroopers who landed there. 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen. Fol­low­ing the com­ple­tion of the in­va­sion of Poland, the lim­ited ef­fec­tive­ness of the light di­vi­sions caused the Ger­man High Com­mand to order the re­or­ga­ni­za­tion of the four light di­vi­sions into full panzer di­vi­sions. Though listed among the elites, the performance of 9th SS Hohenstaufen is less publicized than most of the other SS Panzer Divisions despite its participation in some of the most significant battles of World War II. It was then transferred to Germany and later fought in the Ardennes and Hungary before ending the war in Austria. The division was brought back up to 80% of its authorized strength by the end of October. Hohenstuafen moved by rail to their assembly areas on December 12. [7]  SS veteran Friedrich-Karl Wacker remembers, “Our training was indeed hard, especially in the divisions that were formed later in the war, such as the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen, 10th SS Panzer Division Frundsberg and 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend. From the beginning of 1943 through March 1944, the Hohenstaufen conducted an intensive training program at multiple locations in France. Several cases of war crimes have been proven to have been committed by the men of the division. Speratic fighting and subsequent killing happened in the area from the 19th to the 20th of June. Markus Lienhart was sentenced to death post-war for the killings and Franz Lienhart to 10 years for the beating. Armor Battles of the Waffen SS, 1943-45. Dec 1944 - ? [31]Michael Reynolds, Sons of the Reich:  II SS Panzer Corps in Normandy, Arnhem, Ardennes, Eastern Front. Hohenstaufen began its attack as part of Operation Spring Awakening on the morning of 6 March 1945. The Hohenstaufen arrived in Normandy with the II SS Panzer Corps and its sister division, the 10th SS Frundsberg on 23 June. Two grenadier battalions and an artillery battalion were also transferred. SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Hohenstaufen (Oct 1943 - May 1945), SS-Obergruppenführer Willi Bittrich (15 Feb 1943 - 29 June 1944) SS-Oberführer Thomas Müller (29 June 1944 - 10 July 1944) SS-Brigadeführer Sylvester Stadler (10 July 1944 - 31 July 1944) SS-Oberführer Friedrich-Wilhelm Bock (31 July 1944 - 29 Aug 1944) SS-Standartenführer Walter Harzer (29 Aug 1944 - 10 Oct 1944) SS-Brigadeführer Sylverster Stadler (10 Oct 1944 - 8 May 1945), SS-Sturmbannführer Baldur Keller (8 Jan 1943 - ? Murder of Jews in Minsk. Rüter & D.W. de Mildt. This oath, taken by each member of the Waffen SS, summarized their unflinching obedience to Nazi Germany and Adolf Hitler. Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically. "Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler", SS-Verfügungs-Division (later renamed Das Reich) and the SS-Division "Totenkopf" during the early war campaigns in Poland and the West, it was decided to expand the number of Waffen SS divisions. The Pzr. Reprint, Mechanicsburg:  Stackpole Books, 2003. These NCOs and officers were for the most part veterans who had come from the other Waffen SS divisions. The 9. During the British operation Epsom the Panther battalion supported the forces defending against the British offensive and was credited with the destruction of 53 enemy tanks. Im August 1944 nahm die 9. My case point (and my fav unit of WW2) the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen, From what I know is that 1.Hohenstaufen has NEVER had a legitmate acusation of war crimes against it and in Arnhem where the British 1st Airborne caused them heavy causlties they agreed 2 a cease-fire and helped evacuate British wounded and even when they surrenderd the fact is Hohenstaufen treated them with … They were given the nickname because they advanced so fast that they appeared were they weren’t expected, and even German high command didn’t always knew where they were. The 9th SS Panzer Division had been in involved in constant combat for over two months. The mutilated bodies were found by their comrades during the german counter attack on the near-by town of Ternopil. With the assistance once again of Tiger Abteilung 102, they inflicted heavy casualties on the enemy. By the end of August, a general retreat to the West Wall was unavoidable. June 1943) SS-Obersturmbannführer Walter Harzer (? [9], Proclaimed ready for combat at the end of March 1944, the 9th SS Hohenstaufen was ordered to the Eastern Front to help restore the front and relieve elements of the German 1st Panzer Army surrounded at Tarnopol. The 7th Panzer Division is sometimes known by its nickname, Ghost Division. The familiar names of Normandy, Caen, Hill 112, Falaise, Arnhem, St. Vith, and Bastogne, all appear in the unit history. They were neither trained nor highly motivated to join a front line combat unit such as an SS Panzer Division. 19Holders of the German Cross in Gold (15)Holders of the German Cross in Silver (1)- Hofmann, Bernhard, 17.11.1944, SS-Sturmbannführer, Ib 9. The Ardennes offensive, later to become known by the U.S. Army as the Battle of the Bulge, began on 16 December 1944. The breakthrough threatened to surround the German Armies in Normandy. The division has earned its place among the elite Waffen SS Panzer Divisions. Many Waffen-SS members and units were responsible for war crimes against civilians and allied servicemen. [10]. Winnipeg:  J.J. Fedorowicz, 1999. The mud of the spring penetrates every seam and crack, mixes with the oil of the machines, and wears the hinges and bearings.”[13]  Ultimately, the disjointed and tardy German attack to relieve the garrison at Tarnopol ended in failure. [23]Robert Kershaw, It Never Snows in September: The German View of Market-Garden and the Battle of Arnhem, September 1944,  (New York: Ian Publishing Ltd, 1994), 73. These new formations were to recruit heavily from the 1925-26 year groups, making their core cadre approximately 18 years of age on average. [28]  Operation Market Garden had failed and the soldiers of the Hohenstaufen had won a hard-earned victory. Hohenstaufen took part in … During those days, the enemy artillery fire reached such a pitch that veterans of the First World War unanimously agree, it surpassed even the fire in the trenches during the tremendous battles of materiel during the war.”[18]. Colonel SteelFist wrote:the 2.SS.PzDiv ,,Das Reich", 9th SS-Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen" and the 10th SS-Panzer Division Frundsberg were pretty much the only divisions of the Waffen-SS who abstained from any atrocities throughout, slate almost clean. The men of the division were German conscripts … The division was originally formed as an infantry division in 1934. The 9.SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Hohenstaufen was a German Waffen SS Armoured division which saw action on both the Eastern and Western fronts during the later years of World War 2, including the Ukraine, Normandy, Holland, Ardennes, Hungary and finally Austria.. SS-Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen") was a Waffen-SS armored division of Germany during World War … After the Allies began Operation Cobra and broke-through the thin lines of Panzer Lehr Division and streamed south, The 3rd SS Panzer Division "Totenkopf" (German: 3. Once again, the elite Waffen SS Panzer Divisions had failed to achieve their objectives. Among the most significant members of this family were Emperor Heinrich VI and Emperor Friedrich I. Barbarossa, who was among Hitler’s favorite historical personalities. 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend - War Crimes. After the success of the Infanterie-Regiment (mot.) The entire landscape has turned to softened mud in which everything sinks. It participated in battles on both the Eastern and Western Fronts. Severe shortages of fuel, over congested roads, the 6th SS Panzer Army's abysmal leadership, and the U.S. Army's dogged resistance had brought to a halt the elite Panzer Divisions that Hitler had placed so much hope in. Unfortunately for the Allies the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen had been specially trained to counter airborne landings as part of their preparation to defeat the Allied invasion of France. SS-Panzerdivision "Totenkopf") was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.Its name, Totenkopf, is German for "death's head" – the skull and crossbones symbol – and it is thus sometimes referred to as the Death's Head Division. Markus Lienhart was sentenced to death post-war for the killings and Franz Lienhart to 10 years for the beating. The name Hohenstaufen came from the Hohenstaufen dynasty which lasted between 1138 and 1254. It had only been two months since the decimated battle groups of the Hohenstuafen had been pulled off the front lines for reorganization. Standartenfuhrer Stadler remembers, “A massed Panzer attack is simply impossible. [2]  On 31 December 1942, Hitler had agreed to the formation of two additional Waffen SS divisions; the 9th SS Hohenstaufen and the 10th SS Frundsberg. [36]  The 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen conducted a fighting retreat back to the Reich until they were relieved on 25 January. *Lieutenant Colonel James T. McGhee is a native of Dexter, Missouri. The 1977 movie "A Bridge Too Far", based on the book by Cornelius Ryan, directed by Richard Attenborough tells the story of Operation Market-Garden.The 2002 movie "De tweeling" ("Twin Sisters") directed by Ben Sombogaart includes soldiers wearing the "Hohenstaufen" cuff title.The 2009 board game "Panzerblitz: Hill of Death" designed by Darren Emge and published by Multi-Man Publishing covers the fight for Hill 112 in Normandy (Operation Jupiter). [20]  However, their defenses and those of the remaining German formations in Normandy were not strong enough to prevent the threatened encirclement. 1 History 2 Classes & Loadouts 3 In Game Equipment 3.1 Weapons 3.2 Grenades & Launchers 3.3 Explosives 3.4 Stationary Weapons 3.5 Vehicles 3.6 Support 4 See also 5 References The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen" (German: 9. Their orders were to conduct reconnaissance in the cities of Arnhem and Nijmegen and to defeat the British paratroopers landing east of Arnhem near the town of Oosterbeek (see the picture included herein from the German archives,Bundesarchiv Bild 101II-M2KBK-771-34, and of two Flakpanzer IV from Hohenstauffen participating in the fighting in and around Arnhem). Obersturmbannfuhrer Telkamp, a prudent panzer commander, led the most advanced Kompanie personally and had to determine that his Regiment could not be committed because the heavy vehicles sank into the mud. [9] By now the division had gained a reputation as an elite formation. SS-Panzerdivision Hitlerjugend ) was a German armoured division of the Waffen-SS during World War II. [21]  Ultimately, the division arrived in their new assembly areas on the 8th of September near the city of Arnhem. Replacements consisted mostly of untrained Luftwaffe and Navy personnel. Their personnel strength had been bled down from 18,000 to approximately 6,000, which included severe shortages of officers and NCOs. They fought in the bocage of France, along the dikes of Holland, in the forests of Belgium and the mud of the Eastern Front, and yet the reputation of the original elite divisions overshadows that of the Hohenstaufen. The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen" was a Waffen-SS armoured division of Nazi Germany during World War II. Designations 9th SS-Panzergrenadier-Division (February 1943) SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Hohenstaufen (March 1943) 9th SS-Panzer-Division As of July 2012 he serves in the active U.S. Army as a Deputy Commander assigned to the 2nd Brigade, 75th Training Command in Denver, Colorado. Three days earlier, an attack by the SS Totenkopf and SS Wiking Panzer Divisions had failed to relieve the German garrison surrounded at Budapest. SS-Panzerdivision "Hohenstaufen") was a Waffen-SS armored division of Germany during World War … [26]. In 1943 and as the tide fo the war began to turn against Hitler, with the fall of Stalingrad and the loss of North Africa being of particular significance, he placed a greater demand upon the men of the Waffen SS. The attack followed a short artillery barrage and was conducted without the time to conduct a reconnaissance of the area. In Hungary, the Hohenstaufen sealed their status as one of the elite. Committed to the relief attack before the entire division arrived at its debarkation station, Hohenstaufen's  component battalions lacked the time to concentrate into effective combined arms battle groups or even conduct proper reconnaissance. Here, the men of the Hohenstaufen tested their training, equipment, and their believed superiority as soldiers against Allied forces with great material strength but also important fighting attributes of their own. They deliberately fostered a close relationship between themselves and their men. As a result, for the first time, the Waffen SS resorted to large-scale conscription. In relation to this, the history of the 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking reads: ‘It must be remarked at this point that the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen played a decisive part in the fortunate breakout of Wiking. The 9th SS Panzer division was involved in the brutal fighting around the city of Caen and perhaps most notably the bloody combat to seize and hold the critically important heights along Hill 112. The remaining grenadiers of the Hohenstaufen, instead of finding themselves on trains back to their homes, found themselves once again in the middle of a great battle. “Hohenstaufen”Holders of the Honor Roll Clasp of the Heer (3)- Frank, Robert, 15.06.1944, SS-Sturmbannführer, Kdr. The men of the division were German conscripts … The 3rd SS Panzer Division Totenkopf (Skull and Crossbones), also known during its existence as the 3rd SS Panzergrenadier Division Totenkopf or the 3rd SS Division Totenkopf, was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS – the armed wing of the German Nazi Party that served alongside the Wehrmacht army during World War II without being formally part of it. Categories. It was recruited from foreign volunteers in Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, the Netherlands and Belgium under the command of German officers. [6] It was a rigorous training program that emphasized sport, physical fitness, and above all, field craft. With the designation of a full panzer division, the Hohenstaufen received the most mobile and powerful weapons available. Gdr. Translated by Henri Henchler. The 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking was one of the elite Panzer divisions of the thirty eight Waffen SS divisions. “Combat Report of the 9.SS-Panzer-Division: Hohenstaufen” 7.03.44-7.24.44, As written by Sylvester Stadler in 1947 / MS # B-470”. Special accelerated training programs were created but there was a shortage of experienced trainers. [18]Sylvester Stadler, “Combat Report of the 9.SS-Panzer-Division: Hohenstaufen” 7.03.44-7.24.44, As written by Sylvester Stadler in 1947 / MS # B-470”, Internet: article on-line,  Accessed 8 January 2004, available at http://www.feldgrau.com/9ss-cr.html. Winnipeg: J.J. Fedorowicz, 1990. [5]Gordon Williamson, Loyalty is My Honor: Personal Accounts from the Waffen SS, (London:  Brown Packaging Books Ltd., 1999), 44. I vow to you, and those you have named to command me, obedience unto death, so help me God.”[1]. According to Omer Bartov, the 18th Panzer Division was heavily engaged in the looting of food from Soviet civilians to the point that the latter starved to death.At the beginning of the invasion orders were given to execute wounded Soviet soldiers as these were seen as an unnecessary burden. The content of this field is kept private and will not be shown publicly. Approximately 1,500 were killed, 2,200 were wounded, and the rest were taken prisoner. In his spare time Todd enjoys researching and writing military history with an emphasis on Germany's eastern front during World War II. They were motivated, well trained, superbly equipped, and although they lacked combat experience, were led by veteran NCOs and officers who were returning to face an old enemy. "Justiz und NS-Verbrechen" by C.F. 9th SS-Panzergrenadier-Division (February 1943) SS-Panzergrenadier-Division Hohenstaufen (March 1943) 9th SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen (October 1943) Video Software we use: https://amzn.to/2KpdCQF Ad-free videos. New York: Ian Publishing Ltd, 1994. (Havertown: Casemate, 2002), 183. Its officers were able to maintain good order, discipline, and conduct an organized retreat. The 7th Panzer Division was an armored formation of the German Army in World War II.It participated in the Battle of France, the invasion of the Soviet Union, the occupation of Vichy France, and on the Eastern Front until the end of the war. It con­sisted of 218 tanks in three bat­tal­ions, with two rifle reg­i­ments, a mo­tor­cy­cle bat­tal­ion, an en­gi­neer bat­tal­ion, and an anti-tank battalion. It participated in the 1939 invasion of Poland, the 1940 invasion of France, and the 1941 invasion of the Soviet Union. Hitler called a halt to the operation and ordered the SS Panzer Divisions of the 6th SS Panzer Army to refit. Hohenstaufen joined the offensive on the 18th of December. Loyalty is My Honor: Personal Accounts from the Waffen SS. The 9th SS Panzer Division “Hohenstaufen”, also known as SS-Panzergrenadier-Division 9 Hohenstaufen, was a German Waffen-SS Armoured division which saw action on both the Eastern and Western Fronts during World War II. The answer to the first question is complex and there are likely a number of reasons why Hohenstaufen is often forgotten. Yesterday, I received 200 replacements, unfortunately, almost all old men from the Ukraine, some of whom neither speak nor understand German.”[33], The Ardennes offensive failed to achieve its primary objectives of seizing the port of Antwerp and dividing the Allied armies. 1 History 2 Classes & Loadouts 3 In Game Equipment 3.1 Weapons 3.2 Grenades & Launchers 3.3 Explosives 3.4 Stationary Weapons 3.5 Vehicles 3.6 Support 4 See also 5 References The 9th SS Panzer Division "Hohenstaufen" (German: 9. For most of its time in the Ardennes, Hohenstaufen fought alongside the 2.SS-Panzer-Division and the 560th Division. The 2nd SS Panzer Division commited many war crimes throughout the war on multiple fronts. This fo… “The greatest efforts of our young Komapanie Chiefs were, according to Obersturmfuhrer (1st Lieutenant) Steinbach, required in the correct psychological handing of these men that were coming to us.”[30]. [6]Wilhelm Tieke, In the Firestorm of the Last Years of the War, Translated by Frederick Steinhardt, (Winnipeg:  J.J. Fedorowicz, 1999), 4. War Crimes. WAR IN THE EUROPE. These road conditions placed a severe stress on both men and machines. The Hohenstaufen was initially held in reserve waiting to exploit the planned breakthrough. The complete superiority of the Allies gradually reduced the combat effectiveness of all the Waffen SS divisions in Normandy. A short history of the organization and combat performance of the 9th SS Panzer Division Hohenstaufen from its conception in December 1943 to its final battle in April 1945 will show that it displayed such attributes and should be remembered as one of Nazi Germany's elite combat formations. The division was placed under of the command of 34-year-old SS Brigade Führer Fritz Witt, who had also been a Hitler Youth, dating back before 1933. For this planned counter attack, the Heavy SS Panzer Abteilung 102 arrived to support the II SS Panzer Corps. The 36th Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS, also known as the SS-Sturmbrigade Dirlewanger (1944),or simply the Dirlewanger Brigade, was a military unit of the Waffen SS during World War II. Historian George Stein writes, “In the West the SS troops had to face what they bitterly called the Materialschlacht. Instead the division moved to the front in a haphazard fashion over roads in name only. The 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend (German: 12. Rüter & D.W. de Mildt - Justiz und NS-VerbrechenGeorge H. Stein - The Waffen-SS: Hitler's Elite Guard at War 1939-1945Gordon Williamson & Thomas McGuirl - German military cuffbands 1784-presentGordon Williamson - The Waffen-SS: 6. to 10. 12.SS-HJ had stalled and 1.SS-LAH had ran out of fuel. On that list, that leaves the 9th and 10th SS Paper Divisions. During “Market Garden” he commanded 16 separate ad hoc units. Since the Heer and the SS used their own ordinal systems, there were duplicate numbers (i.e. Heinz Hagendorf, a medical NCO, was post-war sentenced to six month for firing at American soldiers from a Red Cross marked ambulance at Henyelez, Belgium, in January 1945. The title of elite often revolved around organizations starting from a base of highly motivated volunteers chosen for their high standards of physical fitness. Finally, the elite formations were able to maintain high levels of morale and camaraderie even in the face of defeat.

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